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Punishment diminishes the benefits of network reciprocity in social dilemma experiments
Li, Xuelong1; Jusup, Marko2; Wang, Zhen3; Li, Huijia4; Shi, Lei5; Podobnik, Boris6,7,8,9,10; Stanley, H. Eugene6; Havlin, Shlomo11,12; Boccaletti, Stefano13,14
Department光学影像学习与分析中心
2018-01-02
Source PublicationPROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
ISSN0027-8424
Volume115Issue:1Pages:30-35
Contribution Rank1
AbstractNetwork reciprocity has been widely advertised in theoretical studies as one of the basic cooperation-promoting mechanisms, but experimental evidence favoring this type of reciprocity was published only recently. When organized in an unchanging network of social contacts, human subjects cooperate provided the following strict condition is satisfied: The benefit of cooperation must outweigh the total cost of cooperating with all neighbors. In an attempt to relax this condition, we perform social dilemma experiments wherein network reciprocity is aided with another theoretically hypothesized cooperation-promoting mechanism-costly punishment. The results reveal how networks promote and stabilize cooperation. This stabilizing effect is stronger in a smaller-size neighborhood, as expected from theory and experiments. Contrary to expectations, punishment diminishes the benefits of network reciprocity by lowering assortment, payoff per round, and award for cooperative behavior. This diminishing effect is stronger in a larger-size neighborhood. An immediate implication is that the psychological effects of enduring punishment override the rational response anticipated in quantitative models of cooperation in networks.
KeywordCooperation Defection Node Strategy Payoff Evolutionary Selection
DOI10.1073/pnas.1707505115
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000419128700022
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.opt.ac.cn/handle/181661/30814
Collection光学影像学习与分析中心
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Xian Inst Opt & Precis Mech, Xian 710119, Shaanxi, Peoples R China;
2.Hokkaido Univ, Res Inst Elect Sci, Ctr Math Social Creat, Sapporo, Hokkaido 0600812, Japan;
3.Northwestern Polytech Univ, Sch Mech Engn, Ctr Opt Imagery Anal & Learning, Xian 710072, Shaanxi, Peoples R China;
4.Cent Univ Finance & Econ, Sch Management Sci & Engn, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China;
5.Yunnan Univ Finance & Econ, Stat & Math Coll, Kunming 650221, Yunnan, Peoples R China;
6.Boston Univ, Dept Phys, Ctr Polymer Studies, 590 Commonwealth Ave, Boston, MA 02215 USA;
7.Univ Rijeka, Fac Civil Engn, Rijeka 51000, Croatia;
8.Zagreb Sch Econ & Management, Zagreb 10000, Croatia;
9.Luxembourg Sch Business, L-2453 Luxembourg, Luxembourg;
10.Fac Informat Studies, SI-8000 Novo Mesto, Slovenia;
11.Bar Ilan Univ, Dept Phys, IL-52900 Ramat Gan, Israel;
12.Tokyo Inst Technol, Tokyo 1528552, Japan;
13.CNR, Institute Complex Syst, I-50019 Florence, Italy;
14.Italian Embassy Israel, IL-68125 Tel Aviv, Israel
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Xuelong,Jusup, Marko,Wang, Zhen,et al. Punishment diminishes the benefits of network reciprocity in social dilemma experiments[J]. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,2018,115(1):30-35.
APA Li, Xuelong.,Jusup, Marko.,Wang, Zhen.,Li, Huijia.,Shi, Lei.,...&Boccaletti, Stefano.(2018).Punishment diminishes the benefits of network reciprocity in social dilemma experiments.PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,115(1),30-35.
MLA Li, Xuelong,et al."Punishment diminishes the benefits of network reciprocity in social dilemma experiments".PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 115.1(2018):30-35.
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